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Journal Article

The dynamic specification of surfaces and boundaries.

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Cunningham, D., Shipley, T., & Kellman, P. (1998). The dynamic specification of surfaces and boundaries. Perception, 27(4), 403-416. doi:10.1068/p270403.

Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0013-E93D-4
Sequential changes in small separated texture elements can produce perception of a moving form with continuous boundaries. This process of spatiotemporal boundary formation may exist to provide a robust means of detecting moving objects that occlude more distant textured surfaces. Whereas most research on spatiotemporal boundary formation has been focused on boundary and shape perception, two experiments are reported here on the perception of surface qualities in spatiotemporal boundary formation. In experiment 1 a free-report procedure was used to investigate whether surface perception can be determined by dynamic information alone, apart from static spatial differences. Results showed that dynamic information was sufficient to determine the appearance of a surface. This dynamic information may play an important role in other aspects of perception. In experiment 2, it was shown that dynamically specifying an extended, opaque surface facilitated edge perception. Implications for the relation of boundary and surface perception and for theories of perceptual transparency are discussed.