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Conference Paper

Studies on the flora of serpentine and other metalliferous areas of western Turkey


Kraemer,  U.
Metal Homeostasis, Cooperative Research Groups, Max Planck Institute of Molecular Plant Physiology, Max Planck Society;

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Reeves, R. D., Kruckeberg, A. R., Adiguezel, N., & Kraemer, U. (2001). Studies on the flora of serpentine and other metalliferous areas of western Turkey. In 3rd International Conference on Serpentine Ecology (pp. 513-517).

Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0014-2F3C-D
Soils and vegetation of metalliferous areas in western Turkey have been studied for several reasons: 1) to add to our knowledge of the distribution of a number of serpentine plants endemic to Turkey; 2) to try to re-locate several very rare serpentine endemic species (some known from only a single collection) and to see if any new species can be found; 3) to add to our knowledge of Turkish Ni hyperaccumulators; 4) to see if areas of debris from lead and zinc mining carry characteristic floras of the type that are well-known in Europe, and to see whether any of the species found there show unusual metal accumulation. The field studies in several serpentine areas (Ezine, Dursunbey-Kutahya, Fethiye-Marmaris, Findikpinari, Pozanti-Camardi, and near Ankara) have led to the re-collection of rare species such as Alyssum pinifolium, Aethionema dumanii, Thlaspi cariense, Silene cserei sap. aeoniopsis, Cochlearia sempervivum and Centaurium serpentinicola. Many Ni-accumulating specimens of Alyssum, Thlaspi and Cochlearia were obtained, including several containing >2% Ni in the dry matter. The lead/zinc areas have apparently not developed a specialist flora, nor were there any extreme examples of accumulation of Zn, Pb, Cd, Cu or As.