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#### New approximation algorithms for the achromatic number

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MPI-I-98-1-016.pdf

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##### Citation

Krysta, P., & Lorys, K.(1998). *New approximation algorithms
for the achromatic number* (MPI-I-1998-1-016). Saarbrücken: Max-Planck-Institut für Informatik.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0014-7BC1-D

##### Abstract

The achromatic number of a graph is the greatest number of colors in a
coloring of the vertices of the graph such that adjacent vertices get
distinct colors and for every pair of colors some
vertex of the first color and some vertex of the second color are adjacent.
The problem of computing this number is NP-complete for general graphs
as proved by Yannakakis and Gavril 1980. The problem is also NP-complete
for trees, that was proved by Cairnie and Edwards 1997.
Chaudhary and Vishwanathan 1997 gave recently a $7$-approximation
algorithm for this problem on trees, and an $O(\sqrt{n})$-approximation
algorithm for the problem on
graphs with girth (length of the shortest cycle) at least six.
We present the first $2$-approximation algorithm for the problem on trees.
This is a new algorithm based on different ideas than one by Chaudhary and
Vishwanathan 1997.
We then give a $1.15$-approximation algorithm for the problem on binary trees and a
$1.58$-approximation for the problem on trees of constant degree. We show that
the algorithms for constant degree trees can be implemented in linear time.
We also present the first $O(n^{3/8})$-approximation algorithm for the problem
on graphs with girth at least six.
Our algorithms are based on an interesting tree partitioning technique.
Moreover, we improve the lower bound of Farber {\em et al.} 1986
for the achromatic number of trees with degree bounded by three.