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Journal Article

Adaptive thresholding for reliable topological inference in single subject fMRI analysis

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Gorgolewski, K. J., Storkey, A. J., Bastin, M. E., & Pernet, C. R. (2012). Adaptive thresholding for reliable topological inference in single subject fMRI analysis. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 6: 245. doi:10.3389/fnhum.2012.00245.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0014-4F1F-4
Single subject fMRI has proved to be a useful tool for mapping functional areas in clinical procedures such as tumor resection. Using fMRI data, clinicians assess the risk, plan and execute such procedures based on thresholded statistical maps. However, because current thresholding methods were developed mainly in the context of cognitive neuroscience group studies, most single subject fMRI maps are thresholded manually to satisfy specific criteria related to single subject analyzes. Here, we propose a new adaptive thresholding method which combines Gamma-Gaussian mixture modeling with topological thresholding to improve cluster delineation. In a series of simulations we show that by adapting to the signal and noise properties, the new method performs well in terms of total number of errors but also in terms of the trade-off between false negative and positive cluster error rates. Similarly, simulations show that adaptive thresholding performs better than fixed thresholding in terms of over and underestimation of the true activation border (i.e., higher spatial accuracy). Finally, through simulations and a motor test–retest study on 10 volunteer subjects, we show that adaptive thresholding improves reliability, mainly by accounting for the global signal variance. This in turn increases the likelihood that the true activation pattern can be determined offering an automatic yet flexible way to threshold single subject fMRI maps.