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Journal Article

Sex-pheromone of the pine sawfly Diprion pini (Hymenoptera: Diprionidae): Chemical identification, synthesis and biological activity

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Bergström, G., Wassgren, A. B., Anderbrant, O., Fägerhag, J., Edlund, H., Hedenström, E., et al. (1995). Sex-pheromone of the pine sawfly Diprion pini (Hymenoptera: Diprionidae): Chemical identification, synthesis and biological activity. Experientia: interdisciplinary journal for the life sciences, 51(4), 370-380. doi:10.1007/bf01928898.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0014-5ED0-A
The main component of the sex pheromone secretion of female Diprion pini L. (Hymenoptera: Diprionidae) from insects collected both in Finland and in France has been identified as a threo-3,7-dimethyl-2-tridecanol (8 ng per female) stereoisomer by GC-MS and synthesis. The secretion also contains lower and higher homologues in small amounts (1-4% of the main component). Combined gas chromatographic-electroantennographic detection showed activity in both natural and esterified extracts (acetates and propionates); the esters of the main component gave the largest responses. The acetates and propionates of the eight stereoisomers of 3,7-dimethyl-2-tridecanol were synthesized from enantiomerically highly enriched (> 99% ee) building blocks. The stereochemistry of the main component was established to be (2S,3R,7R) -3,7-dimethyl-2-tridecanol by GC analysis of the natural material. It was purified by liquid chromatography prior to the GC analysis of both its pentafluorobenzoates and its isopropylcarbamates on a nonchiral polar column (ECD) and a chiral column (NPD), respectively. Field tests demonstrated that both the acetate and propionate of the main component (100 mu g of each applied on cotton roll dispensers) were active in attracting males, with or without the presence of several of the minor compounds. Experiments with smaller amounts of the acetate and the propionate (1 mu g in France and 50 mu g in Finland) demonstrated that the propionate was more active than the acetate, and that it also caught more males than a blend of the two compounds.