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Journal Article

Structure and function of antennal lobe neurons in the male turnip moth, Agrotis segetum (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae)

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Hansson, B. S., Anton, S., & Christensen, T. A. (1994). Structure and function of antennal lobe neurons in the male turnip moth, Agrotis segetum (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae). Journal of Comparative Physiology A-Neuroethology Sensory Neural and Behavioral Physiology, 175(5), 547-562.

Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0014-5EA3-0
Interneurons with dendritic branches in the antennal lobe of the male turnip moth, Agrotis segetum (Schiff., Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), were investigated with intracellular recording and staining methods. Seventeen projection neurons that transmit information from the antennal lobe to higher centers in the brain displayed dendritic arbors in the male specific macroglomerular complex (MCC) and responded to chemical components of the female sex pheromone used in species-specific sexual communication. Most of the projection neurons responded to several of the pheromone components tested, and a precise correlation between the location of the dendritic arborization and the physiological response could not be demonstrated. One MGC-projection neuron fit the definition of ''blend specialist''. It did not respond to the individual components of the behaviorally active pheromone blend, but showed a strong response to the components when combined in the species-specific blend. Some of the projection neurons also showed clear responses to phenylacetaldehyde, a flower-produced compound and/or to (E)-2-hexenal, a common green-leaf volatile. In eight neurons, the axonal projection could be followed to the calyces of the mushroom body, and subsequently to the inferior lateral protocerebrum. Four local interneurons were characterized both morphologically and physiologically. Each neuron arborized extensively throughout the antennal lobe, and each responded to one or several of the pheromone compounds, and/or to one or both of the plant-produced compounds. One of the local interneurons responded exclusively to the pheromone blend, but not to the individual components