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Mycotoxin-degradation profile of Rhodococcus strains


Nagy,  I.
Baumeister, Wolfgang / Molecular Structural Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Cserhati, M., Kriszt, B., Krifaton, C., Szoboszlay, S., Hahn, J., Toth, S., et al. (2013). Mycotoxin-degradation profile of Rhodococcus strains. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FOOD MICROBIOLOGY, 166(1), 176-185. doi:10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2013.06.002.

Mycotoxins are secondary fungal metabolites that may have mutagenic, carcinogenic, cytotoxic and endocrine disrupting effects. These substances frequently contaminate agricultural commodities despite efforts to prevent them, so successful detoxification tools are needed. The application of microorganisms to biodegrade mycotoxins is a novel strategy that shows potential for application in food and feed processing. In this study we investigated the mycotoxin degradation ability of thirty-two Rhodococcus strains on economically important mycotoxins: aflatoxin B-1, zearalenone, fumonisin B-1, T2 toxin and ochratoxin A, and monitored the safety of aflatoxin B-1 and zearalenone degradation processes and degradation products using previously developed toxicity profiling methods. Moreover, experiments were performed to analyse multi-mycotoxin-degrading ability of the best toxin degrader/detoxifier strains on aflatoxin B-1, zearalenone and T2 toxin mixtures. This enabled the safest and the most effective Rhodococcus strains to be selected, even for multi-mycotoxin degradation. We concluded that several Rhodococcus species are effective in the degradation of aromatic mycotoxins and their application in mycotoxin biodetoxification processes is a promising field of biotechnology. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.