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Journal Article

Catalytic reduction of nitrogen oxides via nanoscopic oxide catalysts within activated carbons at room temperature


Schmidt,  W.
Research Group Schmidt, Max-Planck-Institut für Kohlenforschung, Max Planck Society;

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Sager, U., Schmidt, W., Schmidt, F., & Suhartiningsih, S. (2013). Catalytic reduction of nitrogen oxides via nanoscopic oxide catalysts within activated carbons at room temperature. Adsorption-Journal of the International Adsorption Society, 19(5), 1027-1033. doi:10.1007/s10450-013-9521-8.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0014-A32B-2
Cabin air filters consisting of activated carbon infiltrated with nanoscopic metal oxide particles as catalysts have been investigated for the reduction of nitrogen oxides within motor-car cabins. In that concept, nitrogen dioxide is adsorbed on the activated carbon during operation conditions of the car and then reduced by the catalysts within the pores. The conversion has to take place at ambient temperature during the relatively long standstill periods of motor-cars. In this article we are going to discuss the manufacturing of the adsorbents by "liquid phase infiltration" and their characterization by techniques, such as nitrogen sorption analysis, X-ray diffraction, thermogravimetry, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, and electron microscopy. The new adsorbents were evaluated in repeated breakthrough tests using NO2 (4 ppm(V) as feed concentration) in humid air as the adsorptive. In the intermittent rest periods of varying duration the volume flow through the fixed bed of adsorbent was stopped. The measured breakthrough curves indicate a catalytic conversion of the nitrogen dioxide in the filter beds.