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Journal Article

Induction and transport of Wnt 5a during macrophage-induced malignant invasion is mediated by two types of extracellular vesicles.

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Wenzel,  D.
Facility for Electron Microscopy, MPI for biophysical chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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1878087_Suppl_1.xlsx
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1878087_Suppl_2.pptx
(Supplementary material), 84KB

Citation

Menck, K., Klemm, F., Gross, J. C., Pukrop, T., Wenzel, D., & Binder, C. (2013). Induction and transport of Wnt 5a during macrophage-induced malignant invasion is mediated by two types of extracellular vesicles. Oncotarget, 4(11), 2057-2066.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0014-CEF2-6
Abstract
Recently, we have shown that macrophage (M Phi)-induced invasion of breast cancer cells requires upregulation of Wnt 5a in M Phi leading to activation of beta-Cateninin-dependent Wnt signaling in the tumor cells. However, it remained unclear, how malignant cells induce Wnt 5a in M Phi and how it is transferred back to the cancer cells. Here we identify two types of extracellular particles as essential for this intercellular interaction in both directions. Plasma membrane-derived microvesicles (MV) as well as exosomes from breast cancer cells, although biologically distinct populations, both induce Wnt 5a in M Phi. In contrast, the particle-free supernatant and vesicles from benign cells, such as platelets, have no such effect. Induction is antagonized by the Wnt inhibitor Dickkopf-1. Subsequently, Wnt 5a is shuttled via responding M Phi-MV and exosomes to the tumor cells enhancing their invasion. Wnt 5a export on both vesicle fractions depends at least partially on the cargo protein Evenness interrupted (Evi). Its knockdown leads to Wnt 5a depletion of both particle populations and reduced vesicle-mediated invasion. In conclusion, MV and exosomes are critical for M Phi-induced invasion of cancer cells since they are responsible for upregulation of M Phi-Wnt 5a as well as for its delivery to the recipient cells via a reciprocal loop. Although of different biogenesis, both populations share common features regarding function and Evi-dependent secretion of non-canonical Wnts.