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Suitability of Simplified (Ir,Ti)Ox Films for Characterization during Electrocatalytic Oxygen Evolution Reaction

MPS-Authors
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Johnson,  Benjamin
Inorganic Chemistry, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

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Girgsdies,  Frank
Inorganic Chemistry, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

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Weinberg,  Gisela
Inorganic Chemistry, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

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Rosenthal,  Dirk
Inorganic Chemistry, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

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Knop-Gericke,  Axel
Inorganic Chemistry, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

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Schlögl,  Robert
Inorganic Chemistry, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Johnson, B., Girgsdies, F., Weinberg, G., Rosenthal, D., Knop-Gericke, A., Schlögl, R., et al. (2013). Suitability of Simplified (Ir,Ti)Ox Films for Characterization during Electrocatalytic Oxygen Evolution Reaction. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 117(48), 25443- 25450. doi:10.1021/jp4048117.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0014-F61D-F
Abstract
Simplified IrOx electrodes lacking typical mud crack structure have been produced on polycrystalline Ti cylinders with spin-coating using an iridium acetate solution and are compared to thicker samples in terms of stability, composition, and suitability as a model system. The spin-coating process forms smooth, thin islands of IrOx with limited cracking and decreases the surface-to-bulk ratio to allow a more intimate study of the growth, composition, and stability of the layer without the complications of the mud crack morphology. XPS and XRD measurements show a resulting (Ir,Ti)Ox surface (x near 2) with OH– groups and H2O. Cyclic voltammetry measurements indicate the expected high catalytic activity for the oxygen evolution reaction as well as a dry IrOx phase resulting from the thermal manufacturing process, although evidence of hydrous phases are found in XPS. Both films required only small overpotentials for the oxygen evolution reaction, with the spin-coated sample showing a slightly lower activity. CO temperature desorption spectroscopy analysis showed CO → CO2 oxidation and, in combination with XPS, an unstable surface. The oxidation of CO was not due to the TiOx , and the absence of any evidence of an Ir-suboxide phase indicates the presence of near-surface active species present after synthesis or an active surface termination.