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Journal Article

Non-Fermi-liquid behavior: Exact results for ensembles of magnetic impurities


Zvyagin,  A. A.
Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, Max Planck Society;

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Zvyagin, A. A. (2002). Non-Fermi-liquid behavior: Exact results for ensembles of magnetic impurities. Low Temperature Physics, 28(12), 907-920. doi:10.1063/1.1531395.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0015-30CE-4
In this work we consider several exactly solvable models of magnetic impurities in critical quantum antiferromagnetic spin chains and multichannel Kondo impurities. Their ground-state properties are studied, and the finite set of nonlinear integral equations which exactly describe the thermodynamics of the models is constructed. We obtain several analytical low- energy expressions for the temperature, magnetic field, and frequency dependences of important characteristics of exactly solvable disordered quantum spin models and disordered multichannel Kondo impurities with essential many-body interactions. We show that the only low-energy parameter that gets renormalized is the velocity of the low-lying excitations (or the effective crossover scale connected with each impurity); the others appear to be universal. In our study several kinds of strong disorder important for experiments were used. Some of them produce low divergences in certain characteristics of our strongly disordered critical systems (compared with finite values for the homogeneous case or a single impurity). For weak disorder, or for narrow distributions of the local Kondo temperatures, our exact results reveal the presence of Kondo screening of disordered ensembles of magnetic impurities by low-lying excitations of the host. We point out that our results qualitatively coincide with the data of experiments on real disordered quasi-one- dimensional antiferromagnetic systems and with the similar behavior of some heavy metallic alloys. (C) 2002 American Institute of Physics.