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Journal Article

Electronic structure of lithium nitridoferrate: Effects of correlation and spin-orbit coupling


Wagner,  F. R.
Frank Wagner, Chemical Metal Science, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, Max Planck Society;

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Novák, P., & Wagner, F. R. (2002). Electronic structure of lithium nitridoferrate: Effects of correlation and spin-orbit coupling. Physical Review B, 66(18): 184434, pp. 184434-184434. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.66.184434.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0015-30D8-C
Lithium nitride Li3N, in which part of Li is substituted by Fe, orders ferromagnetically with a very large magnetic moment on the iron ions. On specific iron sites a huge hyperfine field was also observed. Using the supercell approach we calculate the electronic structure of the Li-2[(Li1-xFex)N] system. For the iron ions which have only Li as the nearest cation neighbors, the d(xy) and d(x)(2)-y(2) bands are intersected by the Fermi level and they are very narrow. Splitting of these bands by the spin-orbit coupling gives rise to a large orbital momentum, which is further enhanced by the correlation effects. To describe the strong correlation of iron 3d electrons the LDA+U method is used. The spin and orbital contributions to Fe magnetic momentum are then found to be comparable, while the orbital part of the hyperfine field in fact dominates. Huge, easy-axis-type magnetocrystalline anisotropy is predicted.