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Storm surges - An option for Hamburg, Germany, to mitigate expected future aggravation of risk

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von Storch, H., Goennert, G., & Meine, M. (2008). Storm surges - An option for Hamburg, Germany, to mitigate expected future aggravation of risk. ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & POLICY, 11(8), 735-742. doi:10.1016/j.envsci.2008.08.003.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0018-2553-F
Rising sea level together with regionally increased storm activity, caused by elevated and increasing levels of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere will in many parts of the world increase the risk of storm surges significantly. Reducing the emissions of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere may mitigate the increasing risks somewhat, but the major task for regional and local stakeholders will be to prepare for appropriate adaptation. In most cases, possible strategies include intensification of coastal defense measures, in particular strengthening dykes, and adaptation to intermittent flooding. in case of Hamburg and the tidal Elbe river a third option seems to be available, which aims at mitigating storm surge risks by applying estuary engineering constructions. This option is sketched in this paper. The option has the potential to significantly reduce the expected future increases of local surge heights. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.