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Journal Article

Semantic priming of progression features in events

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Welke, T., Raisig, S., Nowack, K., Schaadt, G., Hagendorf, H., & van der Meer, E. (2015). Semantic priming of progression features in events. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 44(2), 201-214. doi:10.1007/s10936-014-9290-x.

Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0015-8687-7
Event knowledge includes persons and objects and their roles in the event. This study investigated whether the progression of patients from a source to a resulting feature, such as the progression of hair that is cut from long to short, forms part of event representations. Subjects were presented with an event prime followed by two adjectives and asked to judge whether the adjectives were interrelated. Results showed that the semantic interrelation of two adjectives is recognized faster and more accurately when the adjectives denote source and resulting features of the patient of the primed event (“cutting”: long–short). Furthermore, we found that presenting an event-related adjective in combination with an unrelated adjective makes it more difficult to recognize that the two adjectives are not interrelated, but only when the event-related adjective denotes a source feature. We argue that an inference mechanism automatically completes the representation of the event. We conclude that source and resulting features are represented in a goal-directed and chronological way.