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Heusler compounds as ternary intermetallic nanoparticles: Co2FeGa

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Basit, L., Wang, C., Jenkins, C. A., Balke, B., Ksenofontov, V., Fecher, G. H., et al. (2009). Heusler compounds as ternary intermetallic nanoparticles: Co2FeGa. Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, 42(8): 084018, pp. 1-7. doi:10.1088/0022-3727/42/8/084018.

This work describes the preparation of ternary nanoparticles based on the Heusler compound Co2FeGa. Nanoparticles with sizes of about 20 nm were synthesized by reducing a methanol impregnated mixture of CoCl2 center dot 6H(2)O, Fe(NO3)(3) center dot 9H(2)O and Ga(NO3)(3) center dot xH(2)O after loading on fumed silica. The dried samples were heated under pure H-2 gas at 900 degrees C. The obtained nanoparticles-embedded in silica-were investigated by means of x-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy, temperature dependent magnetometry and Mossbauer spectroscopy. All methods clearly revealed the Heusler-type L2(1) structure of the nanoparticles. In particular, anomalous XRD data demonstrate the correct composition in addition to the occurrence of the L2(1) structure. The magnetic moment of the particles is about 5 mu(B) at low temperature in good agreement with the value of bulk material. This suggests that the half-metallic properties are conserved even in particles on the 10 nm scale.