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Journal Article

Anomalous triple point effects in the spin-density-wave Cr1-xAlx alloy system


Strydom,  A. M.
Physics of Quantum Materials, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, Max Planck Society;

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Sheppard, C. J., Prinsloo, A. R. E., Alberts, H. L., Muchono, B., & Strydom, A. M. (2014). Anomalous triple point effects in the spin-density-wave Cr1-xAlx alloy system. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 595, 164-177. doi:10.1016/j.jallcom.2014.01.129.

Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0018-A674-7
It was recently suggested that for the Cr1-xAlx alloy system the Sommerfeld specific heat coefficient (gamma) as a function of x may peak at the triple point (TP) concentration (x(t)) of the x-T magnetic phase diagram. The TP at (x(t), T-t) represents the intersection point of three magnetic phase transition lines at which incommensurate (I) and commensurate (C) spin-density-wave (SDW) phases are expected to coexist with the paramagnetic (P) phase. A comprehensive experimental study on the physical properties of single crystalline Cr1-xAlx alloys in the concentration range 0 <= x <= 0.034, that encloses x(t), is reported here for further investigations of the above conjecture and possible anomalous behaviour in other physical properties near x(t). The measurements include the electrical resistivity (rho), Seebeck coefficient (S), specific heat (C-p), Hall coefficient (R-H), magnetic susceptibility (chi) and thermal conductivity (kappa). All these properties, except for kappa, depict anomalous temperature and concentration dependencies of SDW origin for x close to x(t). The present study indicates a value of x(t) rather close to x = 0.022. The x-dependence of gamma exhibits an extraordinary large and sharp peak near this concentration. This observation is interpreted as indication that the temperature of the TP is likely situated at 0 K. A new magnetic phase diagram is therefore proposed for the Cr1-xAlx alloy system for x in the region of x(t). This study presents novel experimental evidence of exceptional anomalous magnetic behaviour around the TP concentration of the Cr1-xAlx system. It should incite similar studies on other Cr alloy systems with a TP on their magnetic phase diagrams. (C) 2014 Elsevier B. V. All rights reserved.