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Journal Article

Topological Insulators in Ternary Compounds with a Honeycomb Lattice

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Zhang, H.-J., Chadov, S., Müchler, L., Yan, B., Qi, X.-L., Kübler, J., et al. (2011). Topological Insulators in Ternary Compounds with a Honeycomb Lattice. Physical Review Letters, 106(15): 156402, pp. 1-4. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.106.156402.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0018-B878-E
We investigate a new class of ternary materials such as LiAuSe and KHgSb with a honeycomb structure in Au-Se and Hg-Sb layers. We demonstrate the band inversion in these materials similar to HgTe, which is a strong precondition for existence of the topological surface states. In contrast with graphene, these materials exhibit strong spin-orbit coupling and a small direct band gap at the Gamma point. Since these materials are centrosymmetric, it is straightforward to determine the parity of their wave functions, and hence their topological character. Surprisingly, the compound with strong spin-orbit coupling (KHgSb) is trivial, whereas LiAuSe is found to be a topological insulator.