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Journal Article

Effect of phospholipid hydrolysis by phospholipase A2 on the kinetics of antagonist binding to cardiac muscarinic receptors


Hasselbach,  Wilhelm
Emeritus Group Biophysics, Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, Max Planck Society;

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Rauch, B., Niroomand, F., Messineo, F. C., Weis, A., Kübler, W., & Hasselbach, W. (1994). Effect of phospholipid hydrolysis by phospholipase A2 on the kinetics of antagonist binding to cardiac muscarinic receptors. Biochemical Pharmacology, 48(6), 1289-1296. doi:10.1016/0006-2952(94)90167-8.

Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0019-A8C6-0
Activation of phospholipases during prolonged myocardial ischemia could contribute to the functional derangement of myocardial cells by altering the phospholipid environment of a number of membrane bound proteins including receptors. The present study examined the kinetics of muscarinic receptor antagonist [3H] quinuclidinyl benzilate binding ([3H]QNB) to muscarinic receptors of highly purified sarcolemmal membranes under control conditions and after treatment with phospholipase A2 (PLA2; EC Initial binding rates of QNB exhibited saturation kinetics, when plotted against the ligand concentration in control and PLA2 treated sarcolemmal membranes. This kinetic behaviour of QNB−binding is consistent with at least a two step binding mechanism. According to this two step binding hypothesis an unstable intermediate receptor−QNB complex (R*QNB) forms rapidly, and this form undergoes a slow conversion to the high affinity ligand−receptor complex R−QNB. The Michaelis constant Km of R−QNB formation was 1.8 nM, whereas the dissociation constant Kd obtained from equilibrium measurements was 0.062 nM. After 5 min exposure of sarcolemmal membranes to PLA2QNB binding capacity (Bmax) was reduced by 62%, and the affinity of the remaining receptor sites was decreased by 47% (Kd = 0.116 nM). This PLA2−induced increase of Kd was accompanied by a corresponding increase of Km, whereas the rate constants k2 and k−2 of the hypothetical slow conversion step (second reaction step) remained unchanged. These results suggest that binding of QNB to cardiac muscarinic receptors induces a transition in the receptor−ligand configuration, which is necessary for the formation of the final high affinity R−QNB complex. PLA2−induced changes of the lipid environment result in the inability of a part of the receptor population to undergo this transition, thereby inhibiting high affinity QNB−binding