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Journal Article

Epitaxy, stoichiometry, and magnetic properties of Gd-doped EuO films on YSZ (001)

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Sutarto, R., Altendorf, S. G., Coloru, B., Moretti Sala, M., Haupricht, T., Chang, C. F., et al. (2009). Epitaxy, stoichiometry, and magnetic properties of Gd-doped EuO films on YSZ (001). Physical Review B, 80(8): 085308, pp. 1-7. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.80.085308.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0019-100A-4
We have succeeded in preparing high-quality Gd-doped single-crystalline EuO films. Using Eu-distillation-assisted molecular beam epitaxy and a systematic variation in the Gd and oxygen deposition rates, we have been able to observe sustained layer-by-layer epitaxial growth on yttria-stabilized cubic zirconia (001). The presence of Gd helps to stabilize the layer-by-layer growth mode. We used soft x-ray absorption spectroscopy at the Eu and Gd M(4,5) edges to confirm the absence of Eu(3+) contaminants and to determine the actual Gd concentration. The distillation process ensures the absence of oxygen vacancies in the films. From magnetization measurements we found the Curie temperature to increase smoothly as a function of doping from 70 K up to a maximum of 125 K. A threshold behavior was not observed for concentrations as low as 0.2%.