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Work function changes in the double layered manganite La1.2Sr1.8Mn2O7

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Schulte, K., James, M. A., Tjeng, L. H., Steeneken, P. G., Sawatzky, G. A., Suryanarayanan, R., et al. (2001). Work function changes in the double layered manganite La1.2Sr1.8Mn2O7. Physical Review B, 64(13): 134428, pp. 1-6. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.64.134428.

We have investigated the behavior of the work function of La1.2Sr1.8Mn2O7 as a function of temperature by means of photoemission. We found a decrease of 55 +/- 10 meV in going from 60 K to just above the Curie temperature (125 K) of the sample. Above T-C the work function appears to be roughly constant. Our results are exactly opposite to the work function changes calculated from the double-exchange model [N. Furukawa, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 66, 2528 (1997)] but are consistent with other data. The disagreement with double exchange can be explained using a general thermodynamic relation valid for second order transitions [D. van der Marel and G. Rietveld, Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2575 (1992); D. van der Marel, D. I. Khomskii, and G. M. Eliashberg, Phys. Rev. B 50, 16 594 (1994)] and including the extra processes involved in the manganites besides double-exchange interaction.