Deutsch
 
Benutzerhandbuch Datenschutzhinweis Impressum Kontakt
  DetailsucheBrowse

Datensatz

DATENSATZ AKTIONENEXPORT

Freigegeben

Zeitschriftenartikel

A radical transfer pathway in spore photoproduct lyase

MPG-Autoren
/persons/resource/persons92168

Benjdia,  Alhosna
Department of Biomolecular Mechanisms, Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, Max Planck Society;

/persons/resource/persons95189

Schlichting,  Ilme
Department of Biomolecular Mechanisms, Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, Max Planck Society;

Externe Ressourcen
Volltexte (frei zugänglich)
Es sind keine frei zugänglichen Volltexte verfügbar
Ergänzendes Material (frei zugänglich)
Es sind keine frei zugänglichen Ergänzenden Materialien verfügbar
Zitation

Yang, L., Nelson, R. S., Benjdia, A., Lin, G., Telser, J., Stoll, S., et al. (2013). A radical transfer pathway in spore photoproduct lyase. Biochemistry, 52(18), 3041-3050. doi:10.1021/bi3016247.


Zitierlink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0019-8E91-9
Zusammenfassung
Spore photoproduct lyase (SPL) repairs a covalent UV-induced thymine dimer, spore photoproduct (SP), in germinating endospores and is responsible for the strong UV resistance of endospores. SPL is a radical S-adenosyl-l-methionine (SAM) enzyme, which uses a [4Fe-4S]+ cluster to reduce SAM, generating a catalytic 5′-deoxyadenosyl radical (5′-dA•). This in turn abstracts a H atom from SP, generating an SP radical that undergoes β scission to form a repaired 5′-thymine and a 3′-thymine allylic radical. Recent biochemical and structural data suggest that a conserved cysteine donates a H atom to the thymine radical, resulting in a putative thiyl radical. Here we present structural and biochemical data that suggest that two conserved tyrosines are also critical in enzyme catalysis. One [Y99(Bs) in Bacillus subtilis SPL] is downstream of the cysteine, suggesting that SPL uses a novel hydrogen atom transfer (HAT) pathway with a pair of cysteine and tyrosine residues to regenerate SAM. The other tyrosine [Y97(Bs)] has a structural role to facilitate SAM binding; it may also contribute to the SAM regeneration process by interacting with the putative •Y99(Bs) and/or 5′-dA• intermediates to lower the energy barrier for the second H abstraction step. Our results indicate that SPL is the first member of the radical SAM superfamily (comprising more than 44000 members) to bear a catalytically operating HAT chain.