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Firm Formation and Regional Spillovers - Evidence from Germany

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Harhoff, D. (1999). Firm Formation and Regional Spillovers - Evidence from Germany. Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 8(1-2), 27-55. doi:10.1080/10438599900000003.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0019-931E-8
Abstract
This paper studies the effect of regional spillovers on the rate of firm formation in two major West German industries for the time period from 1989 to 1993. 1 exploit regional variations in firm formation at the county level to identify the effects of historically given industry structure and employment structure on thc emergence of new firms. The results point to the existence of strong localization and urbanization effects. The emergence of high technology firms seems to be contingent on a heterogeneous historical industry structure, the existence of service providers, and in particular on a high employment share of scientists in universities and extra-university research laboratories.