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Journal Article

Anomalous Behavious of the Kondo Superconductor (La1-xCex) Al2

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Minnigerode, G. v., Armbrüster, H., Riblet, G., Steglich, F., & Winzer, K. (1974). Anomalous Behavious of the Kondo Superconductor (La1-xCex) Al2. Low Temperature Physics, LT13, 567-573. doi:10.1007/978-1-4613-4520-6_99.

Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0019-BF74-7
At low temperatures two phenomena of collective behavior of the conduction electrons in metals are known: superconductivity and the Kondo effect. With the system (La, Ce) Al2 we succeeded in demonstrating a strong interaction between these two phenomena as predicted by Müller-Hartmann and Zittartz in 1971.1 The most unusual behavior of this superconducting alloy is the vanishing of superconductivity below a second transition temperature at very low temperatures. This second transition back into the normal state was first observed by Riblet and Winzer2 in an adiabatic demagnetization cryostat with a standard ac mutual inductance technique. Figure 1 shows a typical example of these two transitions. The induction signal of the specimen compared to that of a clean LaAl2 probe of the same size is plotted vs. temperature. This specimen with 0.67 at. % Ce substitution of La in LaAl2 becomes superconducting between 1.5 and 1°K and normal again below 0.5°K. As a consequence of this second transition, the temperature dependence of all the other superconducting properties becomes strange. It is therefore proposed to call such an alloy a “Kondo superconductor.”