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Heavy fermions in Kondo lattice compounds (invited)

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Steglich, F., Rauchschwalbe, U., Gottwick, U., Mayer, H. M., Sparn, G., Grewe, N., et al. (1985). Heavy fermions in Kondo lattice compounds (invited). Journal of Applied Physics, 57(8), 3054-3059. doi:10.1063/1.335212.

Even in the absence of both magnetic order and superconductivity, Ce‐based Kondo lattice systems show distinct anomalies in the low‐temperature specific heat and thermopower. These features can be understood, in the frame of a microscopic treatment of the asymmetric Anderson model, by taking into account the periodicity of the Ce sites. A substantial variation in the observed phenomena between CeAl3 and normal (n) state CeCu2Si2 on the one hand as well as CeRu2Si2 and CeCu6 on the other highlight the importance of realistic band structure calculations for the quasiparticles (‘‘heavy fermions’’) in these different compounds. The temperature dependence of the upper critical magnetic field B c 2(T) for the heavy‐fermion superconductor CeCu2Si2 (T c ≂0.6 K) shows a flat maximum at ∼0.2 T c , which is ascribed to coherence‐derived structure in the n‐state quasiparticle density of states. A dc Josephson effect with a critical pair current of ordinary size is observed for the first time on a weak link between CeCu2Si2 and Al. This proves that CeCu2Si2 is a superconductor with dominant spin‐singlet pairing. No Josephson effect can be found, however, between heavy‐fermion superconducting UPt3 and Al, Nb, or UPt3 as counterelectrodes, in accord with a possible anisotropic (L≥1, S=0 or 1) pairing in UPt3. For this material, the thermal conductivity in the superconducting state approaches an asymptotic κ S =αT 2 law as T→0, with α=32 mW/cm K3, and the thermopower above T C shows a temperature dependence similar to that of the ‘‘spin fluctuation’’ system UAl2.