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The Curse of Connectivity: t-Total Vertex (Edge) Cover

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Fernau, H., Fomin, F. V., Philip, G., & Saurabh, S. (2010). The Curse of Connectivity: t-Total Vertex (Edge) Cover. In M. T. Thai, & S. Sahni (Eds.), Computing and Combinatorics (pp. 34-43). Berlin: Springer. doi:10.1007/978-3-642-14031-0.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0019-DC0B-B
Abstract
We investigate the effect of certain natural connectivity constraints on the parameterized complexity of two fundamental graph covering problems, namely Vertex Cover and Edge Cover. Specifically, we impose the additional requirement that each connected component of a solution have at least t vertices (resp. edges from the solution), and call the problem t-Total Vertex Cover (resp. t-Total Edge Cover). We show that \beginitemize} \item both problems remain fixed-parameter tractable with these restrictions, with running times of the form \Oh^{*}≤ft(c^{k}\right) for some constant c>0 in each case; \item for every t≥2,t-Total Vertex Cover has no polynomial kernel unless the Polynomial Hierarchy collapses to the third level; \item for every t≥2, t-Total Edge Cover has a linear vertex kernel of size \frac{t+1}{t}k. \end{itemize