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Journal Article

Evidence for Partial Dynamical Symmetries in Atomic Nuclei


Blaum,  Klaus
Division Prof. Dr. Klaus Blaum, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Casten, R., Cakirli, R., Blaum, K., & Couture, A. (2014). Evidence for Partial Dynamical Symmetries in Atomic Nuclei. Physical Review Letters, 113(11): 112501. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.113.112501.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0023-D96B-9
Symmetries in nature offer very simple descriptions of complex systems. Partial Dynamical Symmetries (PDS) can considerably broaden their relevance. To present the first extensive test of a PDS for nuclei, we compare an SU(3) PDS to gamma to ground band B(E2) values for 47 deformed nuclei. The parameter-free PDS is found to be quite successful, but with characteristic discrepancies, suggesting that symmetry remnants are more pervasive than heretofore realized. Furthermore, the SU(3) PDS gives new insights into collective models (e.g., interacting boson approximation). If these reproduce the PDS, they reflect finite size effects, while differences from the PDS point to SU(3) configuration mixing.