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Chemical and physical changes related to the deactivation of alumina used in catalytic epoxidation with hydrogen peroxide

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Rinaldi,  Roberto
Research Group Rinaldi, Max-Planck-Institut für Kohlenforschung, Max Planck Society;
Instituto de Química, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, PO Box 6154, 13083-970 Campinas, SP, Brazil;

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Citation

Rinaldi, R., Fujiwara, F. Y., & Schuchhardt, U. (2007). Chemical and physical changes related to the deactivation of alumina used in catalytic epoxidation with hydrogen peroxide. Journal of Catalysis, 245(2), 456-465. doi:10.1016/j.jcat.2006.11.011.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0024-21AC-C
Abstract
This report addresses several questions regarding the deactivation of alumina in catalytic epoxidation using aqueous 70% H2O2. The structural, textural, morphological, and chemical changes of a polycrystalline alumina (γ-Al2O3 and boehmite) were studied in five consecutives reactions of 24 h. The chemical and physical processes involved in the transformations during alumina recycling are attributed mainly to the presence of water in the reaction mixture. Water plays a dual role in the catalytic system. On the one hand, water may cause deleterious changes of the structure of γ-Al2O3 and its textural properties. On the other hand, the presence of water shifts the adsorption equilibria of the organic molecules (acetic acid, diols, and oligomers), preserving the type Ia AlOH sites, which are active for catalytic epoxidation. In this way, the water in the alumina/H2O2 catalytic system seems to be significant in prolonging the lifetime of the catalyst.