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A Dinuclear Palladium(I) Ethynyl Complex: Synthesis, Structure, and Dynamics

MPS-Authors

Krause,  Jochen
Max-Planck-Institut für Kohlenforschung, Max Planck Society;

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Goddard,  Richard
Service Department Lehmann (EMR), Max-Planck-Institut für Kohlenforschung, Max Planck Society;

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Mynott,  Richard
Service Department Mynott (NMR), Max-Planck-Institut für Kohlenforschung, Max Planck Society;

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Pörschke,  Klaus-Richard
Research Group Pörschke, Max-Planck-Institut für Kohlenforschung, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Krause, J., Goddard, R., Mynott, R., & Pörschke, K.-R. (2001). A Dinuclear Palladium(I) Ethynyl Complex: Synthesis, Structure, and Dynamics. Organometallics, 20(10), 1992-1999. doi:10.1021/om000765f.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0024-2898-4
Abstract
The reaction of Pd(η3-C3H5)2 with PiPr3 at −30 °C affords yellow crystals of the PdII complex (iPr3P)Pd(η3-C3H5)(η1-C3H5) (1). At 20°C 1 transforms into the dinuclear PdI complex {(iPr3P)Pd}2(μ-C3H5)2 (2) due to oxidative C−C coupling of two allyl groups with elimination of 1,5-hexadiene. Heating 1 or 2 in 1,6-heptadiene to 80°C produces the Pd0 complex (iPr3P)Pd(η22-C7H12) (3). {(η3-C3H5)PdCl}2 reacts with iPr3P to give (iPr3P)Pd(η3-C3H5)Cl (4b), from which further derivatives (iPr3P)Pd(η3-C3H5)X (X = OSO2CF3 (4a), C⋮CH (5a), CH3 (5b)) are obtained by replacement reactions. The mononuclear PdII-acetylide 5a and complex 3 combine to give the dinuclear PdI derivative {(iPr3P)Pd}2(μ-C3H5)(μ2-η2-C2H) (6). The Pd−Pd bond in 6 is unsymmetrically bridged by a π-allyl and a σ−π-ethynyl group, as determined by X-ray structure analysis. The structures of 1, 4a,b, and 6 are dynamic in solution, with 1 undergoing an exchange of the binding modes of the π- and σ-coordinated allyl groups and 4a,b displaying a π/σ-allyl group rearrangement, and in 6 the C⋮CH substituent oscillates in its π-coordination from one PdI atom to the other.