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Applying the Macrocyclic Effect to Smaller Ring Structures. N,N‘-Dimethyl-3,7-diazabicyclo[3.3.1]nonane Nickel(0) Complexes

MPS-Authors

Haack,  Karl-Josef
Max-Planck-Institut für Kohlenforschung, Max Planck Society;

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Goddard,  Richard
Service Department Lehmann (EMR), Max-Planck-Institut für Kohlenforschung, Max Planck Society;

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Pörschke,  Klaus-Richard
Research Group Pörschke, Max-Planck-Institut für Kohlenforschung, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Haack, K.-J., Goddard, R., & Pörschke, K.-R. (1997). Applying the Macrocyclic Effect to Smaller Ring Structures. N,N‘-Dimethyl-3,7-diazabicyclo[3.3.1]nonane Nickel(0) Complexes. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 119(34), 7992-7999. doi:10.1021/ja971037v.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0024-4BB3-A
Abstract
The two N donor atoms in the tertiary diamine N,N‘-dimethyl-3,7-diazabicyclo[3.3.1]nonane (dabn, C9H18N9) are ideally positioned in the bicyclic structure for chelation to a metal center. This feature was utilized to synthesize unusual diamine nickel(0)−ethene and −ethyne complexes, which represent limiting cases of the Pearson hard-soft acid-base concept. Thus, the reaction of Ni(C2H4)3 with dabn affords yellow TP-3 (C9H18N2)Ni(C2H4) (1) (dec. 0 °C) in which the ethene ligand displays extreme high-field NMR shifts at δ(H) 0.27 and δ(C) 20.4 and an exceptionally small coupling constant 1J(CH) = 142 Hz. Reaction of 1 with butadiene yields the red mononuclear T-4 complex (C9H18N2)Ni(η2-C4H6)2 (2a) in solution, from which the dinuclear derivative {(C9H18N2)Ni(η2-C4H6)}2(μ-η22-C4H6) (2) (dec. 20 °C) is isolated. Complexes 2 and 2a are more soluble than 1 and thus better suited for further reactions. When ethyne is added to a solution of 2 or 2a at −78 °C, the yellow TP-3 complex (C9H18N2)Ni(C2H2) (3) (dec. −30 °C) is obtained. The ethyne ligand of 3 exhibits the lowest IR C⋮C stretching frequency (1560 cm-1) and by far the smallest NMR coupling constant 1J(CH) = 178 Hz yet reported for a mononuclear nickel(0)−ethyne complex. In addition, Ni(CO)4 reacts with dabn to yield orange T-4 (C9H18N2)Ni(CO)2 (4). The results demonstrate that tertiary diamines, which are hard Lewis bases and which a priori are expected to coordinate poorly to the soft Lewis acid Ni(0), may be supported in such a coordination by the stabilizing principle of preorganization and consequently act as very powerful donor ligands.