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Journal Article

Histones to the cytosol: Exportin 7 is essential for normal terminal erythroid nuclear maturation.

MPS-Authors
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Paulsen,  K.
Department of Cellular Logistics, Max Planck Institute for biophysical chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Görlich,  D.
Department of Cellular Logistics, Max Planck Institute for biophysical chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Hattangadi, S. M., Martinez-Morilla, S., Patterson, H. C., Shi, J., Burke, K., Avila-Figueroa, A., et al. (2014). Histones to the cytosol: Exportin 7 is essential for normal terminal erythroid nuclear maturation. Blood, 124(12), 1931-1940. doi:10.1182/blood-2013-11-537761.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0024-0755-6
Abstract
Global nuclear condensation, culminating in enucleation during terminal erythropoiesis, is poorly understood. Proteomic examination of extruded erythroid nuclei from fetal liver revealed a striking depletion of most nuclear proteins, suggesting that nuclear protein export had occurred. Expression of the nuclear export protein, Exportin 7 (Xpo7), is highly erythroid-specific, induced during erythropoiesis, and abundant in very late erythroblasts. Knockdown of Xpo7 in primary mouse fetal liver erythroblasts resulted in severe inhibition of chromatin condensation and enucleation but otherwise had little effect on erythroid differentiation, including hemoglobin accumulation. Nuclei in Xpo7-knockdown cells were larger and less dense than normal and accumulated most nuclear proteins as measured by mass spectrometry. Strikingly, many DNA binding proteins such as histones H2A and H3 were found to have migrated into the cytoplasm of normal late erythroblasts prior to and during enucleation, but not in Xpo7-knockdown cells. Thus, terminal erythroid maturation involves migration of histones into the cytoplasm via a process likely facilitated by Xpo7.