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The jet and arc molecular clouds toward Westerlund 2, RCW 49, and HESS J1023-575; 12CO and 13CO (J=2-1 and J=1-0) observations with NANTEN2 and Mopra Telescope

MPS-Authors
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Aharonian,  Felix A.
Division Prof. Dr. Werner Hofmann, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;
Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, 31 Fitzwilliam Place, Dublin 2, Ireland;

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de Ona Wilhelmi,  Emma
Division Prof. Dr. Werner Hofmann, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Furukawa, N., Ohama, A., Fukuda, T., Torii, K., Hayakawa, T., Sano, H., et al. (2014). The jet and arc molecular clouds toward Westerlund 2, RCW 49, and HESS J1023-575; 12CO and 13CO (J=2-1 and J=1-0) observations with NANTEN2 and Mopra Telescope. The Astrophysical Journal, 781(2): 70. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/781/2/70.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0024-2686-5
Abstract
We have made new CO observations of two molecular clouds, which we call "jet" and "arc" clouds, toward the stellar cluster Westerlund 2 and the TeV gamma-ray source HESS J1023-575. The jet cloud shows a linear structure from the position of Westerlund 2 on the east. In addition, we have found a new counter jet cloud on the west. The arc cloud shows a crescent shape in the west of HESS J1023-575. A sign of star formation is found at the edge of the jet cloud and gives a constraint on the age of the jet cloud to be ~Myrs. An analysis with the multi CO transitions gives temperature as high as 20 K in a few places of the jet cloud, suggesting that some additional heating may be operating locally. The new TeV gamma-ray images by H.E.S.S. correspond to the jet and arc clouds spatially better than the giant molecular clouds associated with Westerlund 2. We suggest that the jet and arc clouds are not physically linked with Westerlund 2 but are located at a greater distance around 7.5 kpc. A microquasar with long-term activity may be able to offer a possible engine to form the jet and arc clouds and to produce the TeV gamma-rays, although none of the known microquasars have a Myr age or steady TeV gamma-rays. Alternatively, an anisotropic supernova explosion which occurred ~Myr ago may be able to form the jet and arc clouds, whereas the TeV gamma-ray emission requires a microquasar formed after the explosion.