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Solid-phase synthesis of H- and methylphosphonopeptides


Kalbitzer,  Hans Robert
Emeritus Group Biophysics, Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, Max Planck Society;

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Hoffmann, R., Tholey, A., Hoffmann, T., & Kalbitzer, H. R. (1996). Solid-phase synthesis of H- and methylphosphonopeptides. International Journal of Peptide & Protein Research, 47(4), 245-253.

We introduce solid-phase syntheses of H- and methylphosphonopeptides, giving access for the first time to a new class of mimics for o-phosphoamino acids. The model peptides H-GlyGlyXaaAla-OH (Xaa = Ser, Thr) were synthesized on a solid-phase using Fmoc/tBu strategy and HBTU/HOBt activation by incorporation of hydroxyl-protected serine and threonine. As selectively cleavable hydroxyl-protecting groups we used triphenylmethyl and tert-butyldimethylsilyl for both amino acids, as described in the literature. All peptides were phosphitilated with O,O-di-tert-butyl-N,N-diethylphosphoramidite and yielded H-phosphonopeptides after trifluoroacetic acid cleavage. Alternatively we phosphonylated the peptides with O-tert-butyl-N,N-diethyl-P-methylphosphonamidite, which was synthesized by a two-step one-pot procedure starting from commercially available chemicals. All H- and methylphosphonopeptides were obtained in high purities and yields, as shown by reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography and anion-exchange chromatography. The phosphonopeptides were characterized by 1H and 31P NMR. We confirmed their molecular masses by electrospray mass spectrometry and analyzed their fragmentation schemes, which seemed to be characteristic for each class of analogues. The H-phosphonopeptides lost phosphonic acid (H3PO3, 82 mass units) and the methylphosphonopeptides lost methylphosphonic acid (MeH2PO3, 96 mass units). Both H- and methylphosphonopeptides represent a new and simply accessible class of mimics for phosphopeptides. Compared with the corresponding phosphopeptides all phosphonopeptides were synthesized in higher yields and purities