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Alkyne Metathesis: Development of a Novel Molybdenum-Based Catalyst System and Its Application to the Total Synthesis of Epothilone A and C

MPG-Autoren
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Fürstner,  Alois
Research Department Fürstner, Max-Planck-Institut für Kohlenforschung, Max Planck Society;

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Mathes,  Christian
Research Department Fürstner, Max-Planck-Institut für Kohlenforschung, Max Planck Society;

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Lehmann,  Christian W.
Service Department Lehmann (EMR), Max-Planck-Institut für Kohlenforschung, Max Planck Society;

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Zitation

Fürstner, A., Mathes, C., & Lehmann, C. W. (2001). Alkyne Metathesis: Development of a Novel Molybdenum-Based Catalyst System and Its Application to the Total Synthesis of Epothilone A and C. Chemistry – A European Journal, 7(24), 5299-5317. doi:10.1002/1521-3765(20011217)7:24<5299:AID-CHEM5299>3.0.CO;2-X.


Zitierlink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0024-4524-D
Zusammenfassung
Sterically hindered molybdenum(III) amido complexes of the general type [Mo{(tBu)(Ar)N}3] (1), upon treatment with CH2Cl2 or other halogen donors, have been converted into highly effective catalysts for all kinds of alkyne metathesis reactions. Although the actual nature of the propagating species formed in situ is still elusive, halogen transfer to the Mo center of 1 plays a decisive role in the activation of such precatalysts. It was possible to isolate and characterize by X-ray crystallography some of the resulting molybdenum halide derivatives such as 15, 16 and 20 which themselves were shown to be catalytically active. Numerous applications illustrate the performance of the catalytic system 1/CH2Cl2 which operates under mild conditions and tolerates an array of polar functional groups. The wide scope allows the method to be implemented into the total synthesis of sensitive and polyfunctional natural products. Most notable among them is a concise entry into the potent anticancer agents epothilone A (86) and C (88). The macrolide core of these targets is forged by ring closing alkyne metathesis (RCAM) of diyne 113, followed by Lindlar hydrogenation of cycloalkyne 114 thus formed. Since this strategy opens a stereoselective entry into (Z)-alkene 115, the approach is inherently more efficient than previous syntheses based on conventional RCM.