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Decrease of serum S100B during an oral glucose tolerance test correlates inversely with the insulin response

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Martins-de-Souza,  Daniel
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Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Steiner, J., Bernstein, H.-G., Schiltz, K., Haase, T., Meyer-Lotz, G., Dobrowolny, H., et al. (2014). Decrease of serum S100B during an oral glucose tolerance test correlates inversely with the insulin response. PSYCHONEUROENDOCRINOLOGY, 39, 33-38. doi:10.1016/j.psyneuen.2013.10.001.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0026-B8E3-B
Abstract
Increased S100B serum levels have been considered as a marker of glial pathology, brain damage, and blood brain-barrier impairment. However, S100B expression has also been detected outside the nervous system, suggesting that altered S100B serum levels may not exclusively reflect brain-specific pathologies. Notably, S100B secretion in adipocytes seems to be down-regulated by insulin, and up-regulated by stress and fasting. Therefore, we assumed that dynamic changes of S100B could be observed by challenging healthy subjects with an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). OGTT was performed in 17 healthy adult test persons (9 male and 8 female). Apart from S100B, glucose, free fatty acids, insulin, C-peptide, and cortisol were determined in all samples after an overnight fast (0 h), as well as 1 h and 2 h after ingestion of 75 g glucose. Mean S100B concentrations decreased about 20% during the first hour after glucose ingestion (P < 0.001). This decrease of S100B levels was not related to the declining morning peak of cortisol. However, the decrease of serum-S100B 1 h after glucose ingestion correlated inversely with the respective changes of serum-insulin (r = -0.484, P = 0.049) and serum-C-peptide (r = -0.570, P = 0.017). Our study suggests an inverse correlation between insulin secretion and S100B release after a standardized OGTT. Additional experiments, including the administration of insulin and the measurement of other food intake-related factors are important to ascertain an insulin-regulated S100B release in vivo. To improve comparability between clinical studies assessing conditions with rather mild changes of serum S100B, blood should be taken in a more standardized way (e.g., after fasting overnight). (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.