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Journal Article

The M2 internal tide simulated by a 1/10° OGCM


Li,  Zhuhua
Ocean Statistics, The Ocean in the Earth System, MPI for Meteorology, Max Planck Society;
IMPRS on Earth System Modelling, MPI for Meteorology, Max Planck Society;


von Storch,  Jin Song
Ocean Statistics, The Ocean in the Earth System, MPI for Meteorology, Max Planck Society;

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Li, Z., von Storch, J. S., & Müller, M. (2015). The M2 internal tide simulated by a 1/10° OGCM. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 45, 3119-3135. doi:10.1175/JPO-D-14-0228.1.

Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0024-4676-F
Using a concurrent simulation of the ocean general circulation and tides with the ° Max Planck Institute Ocean Model (MPI-OM), known as STORMTIDE, this study provides a near-global quantification of the low-mode M2 internal tides. The quantification is based on wavelengths and their near-global distributions obtained by applying spectral analysis to STORMTIDE velocities and on comparisons of the distributions with those derived by solving the Sturm–Liouville eigenvalue problem. The simulated wavelengths, with respect to both their magnitudes and their geographical distributions, compare well with those obtained by solving the eigenvalue problem, suggesting that the STORMTIDE internal waves are, to a first approximation, linear internal waves satisfying local dispersion relations. The simulated wavelengths of modes 1 and 2 range within 100–160 and 45–80 km, respectively. Their distributions reveal, to different degrees for both modes, a zonal asymmetry and a tendency of a poleward increase with stratification N and the Coriolis parameter f being responsible for these two features, respectively. Distributions of mode 1 wavelengths are found to be determined by both N and f, but those of mode 2 are mainly controlled by variations in N. Larger differences between the STORMTIDE wavelengths and those of the eigenvalue problem occur, particularly for mode 2, primarily in high-latitude oceans and the Kuroshio and Gulf Stream and their extensions.