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Journal Article

Differential secretion of cathepsins B and L from normal and tumor human lung cells stimulated by 12(S)-hydroxy-eicosatetraenoic acid


Ulbricht,  Bettina
Department of Biomedical Optics, Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, Max Planck Society;

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Ulbricht, B., Hagmann, W. J., Ebert, W., & Spiess, E. (1996). Differential secretion of cathepsins B and L from normal and tumor human lung cells stimulated by 12(S)-hydroxy-eicosatetraenoic acid. Experimental Cell Research, 226(2), 255-263. doi:10.1006/excr.1996.0226.

Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0024-5375-A
Cathepsins B and L play roles in intracellular and extracellular proteolysis in normal and malignant processes. A directed extracellular proteolysis by regulated secretion could facilitate the process of invasion. We have therefore investigated the effect of the physiological signal mediator 12(S)-hydroxy-eicosatetraenoic acid on the release of cathepsins B and L in normal and malignant human lung cells. Quantitative determinations of cathepsin activities were done by flow cytometry and spectrofluorometry using synthetic dipeptidyl substrates coupled to fluorogens. Most interestingly, a difference in the secretion of cathepsins B and L was found: only release of active cathepsin B was detected. The effect was specific for 12(S)-hydroxy-eicosatetraenoic acid, 12(R)-hydroxy-eicosatetraenoic acid, and 5(S)-hydroxy-eicosatetraenoic acid were ineffective. The response was immediate but a substantial amount of nonreleasable activity remained cell bound. Alveolar macrophages, Wi-38 fibroblasts, and tumor cells derived from large cell carcinomas and adenocarcinomas were sensitive to 12(S)-hydroxy-eicosatetraenoic acid, but cells from undifferentiated squamous cell carcinomas were not. Sensitivity did not parallel malignancy but more likely the degree of differentiation of cells. The investigated tumor cell lines showed no detectable endogenous 12-lipoxygenase activity to synthesize 12(S)-hydroxy-eicosatetraenoic acid from arachidonate; therefore, we assume a paracrine mechanism for 12(S)-hydroxy-eicosatetraenoic acid action. Protein kinase Cα, a key enzyme involved in 12(S)-hydroxy-eicosatetraenoic acid-elicited responses, was expressed in all sensitive tumor cells, but insignificantly in a sensitive normal cell line and an insensitive tumor cell line. From our experiments we propose two separate intracellular pools of active cathepsin B: an unreleasable, lysosomal fraction and a fraction available for regulated secretion. Different processing and sorting mechanisms may be responsible for the generation of these cathepsin B-fractions in these pools