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Characterization of two different acyl carrier proteins in complex I from Yarrowia lipolytica

MPG-Autoren
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Richers,  Sebastian
Department of Molecular Membrane Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, Max Planck Society;

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Hunte,  Carola
Department of Molecular Membrane Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, Max Planck Society;

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Zitation

Dobrynin, K., Abdrakhmanova, A., Richers, S., Hunte, C., Kerscher, S., & Brandt, U. (2010). Characterization of two different acyl carrier proteins in complex I from Yarrowia lipolytica. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Bioenergetics, 1797(2), 152-159.


Zitierlink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0024-D6B0-1
Zusammenfassung
Acyl carrier proteins of mitochondria (ACPMs) are small (~10 kDa) acidic proteins that are homologous to the corresponding central components of prokaryotic fatty acid synthase complexes. Genomic deletions of the two genes ACPM1 and ACPM2 in the strictly aerobic yeast Yarrowia lipolytica resulted in strains that were not viable or retained only trace amounts of assembled mitochondrial complex I, respectively. This suggested different functions for the two proteins that despite high similarity could not be complemented by the respective other homolog still expressed in the deletion strains. Remarkably, the same phenotypes were observed if just the conserved serine carrying the phosphopantethein moiety was exchanged with alanine. Although this suggested a functional link to the lipid metabolism of mitochondria, no changes in the lipid composition of the organelles were found. Proteomic analysis revealed that both ACPMs were tightly bound to purified mitochondrial complex I. Western blot analysis revealed that the affinity tagged ACPM1 and ACPM2 proteins were exclusively detectable in mitochondrial membranes but not in the mitochondrial matrix as reported for other organisms. Hence we conclude that the ACPMs can serve all their possible functions in mitochondrial lipid metabolism and complex I assembly and stabilization as subunits bound to complex I.