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Structure of coenzyme F420H2 oxidase (FprA), a di-iron flavoprotein from methanogenic Archaea catalysing the reduction of O2 to H2O

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Warkentin,  Eberhard
Department of Molecular Membrane Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, Max Planck Society;

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Ermler,  Ulrich
Department of Molecular Membrane Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Seedorf, H., Hagemeier, C. H., Shima, S., Thauer, R. K., Warkentin, E., & Ermler, U. (2007). Structure of coenzyme F420H2 oxidase (FprA), a di-iron flavoprotein from methanogenic Archaea catalysing the reduction of O2 to H2O. The FEBS Journal, 274(6), 1588-1599. doi:10.1111/j.1742-4658.2007.05706.x.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0024-D8E3-1
Abstract
The di-iron flavoprotein F420H2 oxidase found in methanogenic Archaea catalyzes the four-electron reduction of O2 to 2H2O with 2 mol of reduced coenzyme F420(7,8-dimethyl-8-hydroxy-5-deazariboflavin). We report here on crystal structures of the homotetrameric F420H2 oxidase from Methanothermobacter marburgensis at resolutions of 2.25 A, 2.25 A and 1.7 A, respectively, from which an active reduced state, an inactive oxidized state and an active oxidized state could be extracted. As found in structurally related A-type flavoproteins, the active site is formed at the dimer interface, where the di-iron center of one monomer is juxtaposed to FMN of the other. In the active reduced state [Fe(II)Fe(II)FMNH2], the two irons are surrounded by four histidines, one aspartate, one glutamate and one bridging aspartate. The so-called switch loop is in a closed conformation, thus preventing F420 binding. In the inactive oxidized state [Fe(III)FMN], the iron nearest to FMN has moved to two remote binding sites, and the switch loop is changed to an open conformation. In the active oxidized state [Fe(III)Fe(III)FMN], both irons are positioned as in the reduced state but the switch loop is found in the open conformation as in the inactive oxidized state. It is proposed that the redox-dependent conformational change of the switch loop ensures alternate complete four-electron O2 reduction and redox center re-reduction. On the basis of the known Si-Si stereospecific hydride transfer, F420H2 was modeled into the solvent-accessible pocket in front of FMN. The inactive oxidized state might provide the molecular basis for enzyme inactivation by long-term O2 exposure observed in some members of the FprA family.