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Enhancing functional production of G protein-coupled receptors in Pichia pastoris to levels required for structural studies via a single expression screen.

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André,  Nicolas
Department of Molecular Membrane Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, Max Planck Society;

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Prual,  Cécile
Department of Molecular Membrane Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, Max Planck Society;

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Michel,  Hartmut
Department of Molecular Membrane Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, Max Planck Society;

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Reinhart,  Christoph
Department of Molecular Membrane Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

André, N., Cherouati, N., Prual, C., Steffan, T., Zeder-Lutz, G., Magnin, T., et al. (2006). Enhancing functional production of G protein-coupled receptors in Pichia pastoris to levels required for structural studies via a single expression screen. Protein Science, 15(5), 1115-1126. doi:10.1110/ps.062098206.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0024-D982-2
Abstract
We have optimized the expression level of 20 mammalian G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) in the methylotrophic yeast Pichia pastoris. We found that altering expression parameters, including growth temperature, and supplementation of the culture medium with specific GPCR ligands, histidine, and DMSO increased the amount of functional receptor, as assessed by ligand binding, by more than eightfold over standard expression conditions. Unexpectedly, we found that the overall amount of GPCR proteins expressed, in most cases, varied only marginally between standard and optimized expression conditions. Accordingly, the optimized expression conditions resulted in a marked fractional increase in the ratio of ligand binding-competent receptor to total expressed receptor. The results of this study suggest a general approach for increasing yields of functional mammalian GPCRs severalfold over standard expression conditions by using a set of optimized expression condition parameters that we have characterized for the Pichia expression system. Overall, we have more than doubled the number of GPCR targets that can be produced in our laboratories in sufficient amounts for structural studies.