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Protein kinase-independent activation of CFTR by phosphatidylinositol phosphates

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Himmel,  Bettina
Department of Biophysical Chemistry, Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, Max Planck Society;

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Nagel,  Georg
Department of Biophysical Chemistry, Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Himmel, B., & Nagel, G. (2004). Protein kinase-independent activation of CFTR by phosphatidylinositol phosphates. EMBO Reports, 5(1), 85-90. doi:10.1038/sj.embor.7400034.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0024-DA64-9
Abstract
The cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) is a chloride channel that is expressed in many epithelia and in the heart. Phosphorylation of CFTR by protein kinases is thought to be an absolute prerequisite for the opening of CFTR channels. In addition, nucleoside triphosphates were shown to regulate the opening of phosphorylated CFTR. Here, we report that phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) activates human CFTR, resulting in ATP responsiveness of PIP2-treated CFTR. PIP2 alone is not sufficient to open CFTR, but ATP opens nonphosphorylated CFTR after application of PIP2. The effect of PIP2 is independent of protein kinases, as PIP2 activates CFTR in the complete absence of Mg. Phosphatidylinositol and phosphatidylinositol monophosphate activate CFTR less efficiently than PIP2. PIP2 application to phosphorylated CFTR may inhibit the CFTR chloride current. We suggest that regulation of CFTR by PIP2 is a previously unrecognized, alternative mechanism to control chloride conductance.