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Journal Article

Grey matter alterations in patients with depersonalization disorder: A voxel-based morphometry study

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Gaebler,  Michael
Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Charité University Medicine Berlin, Germany;
Department Neurology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society;
University of Leipzig, Germany;

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Citation

Daniels, J. K., Gaebler, M., Lamke, J.-P., & Walter, H. (2015). Grey matter alterations in patients with depersonalization disorder: A voxel-based morphometry study. Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience, 40(1), 19-27. doi:10.1503/jpn.130284.


Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0024-9025-3
Abstract
Background

To our knowledge, no whole brain investigation of morphological aberrations in dissociative disorder is available to date. Previous region-of-interest studies focused exclusively on amygdalar, hippocampal and parahippocampal grey matter volumes and did not include patients with depersonalization disorder (DPD). We therefore carried out an explorative whole brain study on structural brain aberrations in patients with DPD.
Methods

We acquired whole brain, structural MRI data for patients with DPD and healthy controls. Voxel-based morphometry was carried out to test for group differences, and correlations with symptom severity scores were computed for grey matter volume.
Results

Our study included 25 patients with DPD and 23 controls. Patients exhibited volume reductions in the right caudate, right thalamus and right cuneus as well as volume increases in the left dorsomedial prefrontal cortex and right somatosensory region that are not a direct function of anxiety or depression symptoms.
Limitations

To ensure ecological validity, we included patients with comorbid disorders and patients taking psychotropic medication.
Conclusion

The results of this first whole brain investigation of grey matter volume in patients with a dissociative disorder indentified structural alterations in regions subserving the emergence of conscious perception. It remains unknown if these alterations are best understood as risk factors for or results of the disorder.