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Metasomatism of ferroan granites in the northern Aravalli orogen, NW India: geochemical and isotopic constraints, and its metallogenic significance

MPG-Autoren
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Hofmann,  Albrecht W.
Geochemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Raczek,  Ingrid
Geochemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Zitation

Kaur, P., Chaudhri, N., Hofmann, A. W., Raczek, I., Okrusch, M., Skora, S., et al. (2014). Metasomatism of ferroan granites in the northern Aravalli orogen, NW India: geochemical and isotopic constraints, and its metallogenic significance. International Journal of Earth Sciences, 103(4), 1083-1112. doi:10.1007/s00531-014-1005-x.


Zitierlink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0024-B169-9
Zusammenfassung
The late Palaeoproterozoic (1.72-1.70 Ga) ferroan granites of the Khetri complex, northern Aravalli orogen, NW India, were extensively metasomatised similar to 900 Ma after their emplacement, at around 850-830 Ma by low-temperature (ca. 400 A degrees C) meteoric fluids that attained metamorphic character after exchanging oxygen with the surrounding metamorphic rocks. Albitisation is the dominant metasomatic process that was accompanied by Mg and Ca metasomatism. A two-stage metasomatic model is applicable to all the altered ferroan intrusives. The stage I is represented by a metasomatic reaction interface that developed as a result of transformation of the original microcline-oligoclase (An(12-14)) granite to microcline-albite (An(1-3)) granite, and this stage is rarely preserved. In contrast, the stage II metasomatic reaction front, where the microcline-bearing albite granite has been transformed to microcline-free albite granite, is readily recognisable in the field and present in most of the intrusives. Some of them lack an obvious reaction interface due to the presence of stage II albite granites only. When studied in isolation, these intrusives were incorrectly classified and their tectonic setting was misinterpreted. Furthermore, our results show that the mafic mineralogy of metasomatised granites has a significant impact on the characterisation of such rocks in the magmatic classification and discrimination diagrams. Nevertheless, the stage I metasomatised granites can be appropriately characterised in these diagrams, whereas the characterisation of the stage II granites will lead to erroneous interpretations. The close spatial association of these high heat producing ferroan granites with iron oxide-copper-gold (IOCG), U and REE mineralisation in the region indicates a genetic link between the metasomatism and the mineralisation. World-class IOCG, U and REE deposits are associated with metasomatised ferroan granites, suggesting that such a relationship may act as a critical first-order exploration target for undiscovered mineral deposits.