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Prediction of Near-Room-Temperature Quantum Anomalous Hall Effect on Honeycomb Materials

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Wu,  Shu-Chun
Inorganic Chemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, Max Planck Society;

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Shan,  Guangcun
Inorganic Chemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, Max Planck Society;

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Yan,  Binghai
Binghai Yan, Inorganic Chemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Wu, S.-C., Shan, G., & Yan, B. (2014). Prediction of Near-Room-Temperature Quantum Anomalous Hall Effect on Honeycomb Materials. Physical Review Letters, 113(25): 256401, pp. 1-5. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.113.256401.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0024-9E27-2
Abstract
Recently, the long-sough quantum anomalous Hall effect was realized in a magnetic topological insulator. However, the requirement of an extremely low temperature (approximately 30 mK) hinders realistic applications. Based on ab initio band structure calculations, we propose a quantum anomalous Hall platform with a large energy gap of 0.34 and 0.06 eV on honeycomb lattices comprised of Sn and Ge, respectively. The ferromagnetic (FM) order forms in one sublattice of the honeycomb structure by controlling the surface functionalization rather than dilute magnetic doping, which is expected to be visualized by spin polarized STM in experiment. Strong coupling between the inherent quantum spin Hall state and ferromagnetism results in considerable exchange splitting and, consequently, an FM insulator with a large energy gap. The estimated mean-field Curie temperature is 243 and 509 K for Sn and Ge lattices, respectively. The large energy gap and high Curie temperature indicate the feasibility of the quantum anomalous Hall effect in the near-room-temperature and even room-temperature regions.