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Compact femtosecond electron diffractometer with 100 keV electron bunches approaching the single-electron pulse duration limit

MPS-Authors
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Waldecker,  Lutz
Physical Chemistry, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

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Bertoni,  Roman
Physical Chemistry, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

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Ernstorfer,  Ralph
Physical Chemistry, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

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2014_Waldecker.pdf
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Citation

Waldecker, L., Bertoni, R., & Ernstorfer, R. (2015). Compact femtosecond electron diffractometer with 100 keV electron bunches approaching the single-electron pulse duration limit. Journal of Applied Physics, 117(4): 044903. doi:10.1063/1.4906786.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0024-C246-E
Abstract
We present the design and implementation of a highly compact femtosecond electron diffractometer working at electron energies up to 100 keV. We use a multi-body particle tracing code to simulate electron bunch propagation through the setup and to calculate pulse durations at the sample position. Our simulations show that electron bunches containing few thousands of electrons per bunch are only weakly broadened by space-charge effects and their pulse duration is thus close to the one of a single-electron wavepacket. With our compact setup, we can create electron bunches containing up to 5000 electrons with a pulse duration below 100 fs on the sample. We use the diffractometer to track the energy transfer from photoexcited electrons to the lattice in a thin film of titanium. This process takes place on the timescale of few-hundred femtoseconds and a fully equilibrated state is reached within 1 ps.