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A comparative study on gold and platinum dissolution in acidic and alkaline media

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Cherevko,  Serhiy
Electrocatalysis, Interface Chemistry and Surface Engineering, Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforschung GmbH, Max Planck Society;

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Žeradjanin,  Aleksandar R.
Electrocatalysis, Interface Chemistry and Surface Engineering, Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforschung GmbH, Max Planck Society;

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Keeley,  Gareth P.
Electrocatalysis, Interface Chemistry and Surface Engineering, Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforschung GmbH, Max Planck Society;

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Mayrhofer,  Karl J. J.
Electrocatalysis, Interface Chemistry and Surface Engineering, Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforschung GmbH, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Cherevko, S., Žeradjanin, A. R., Keeley, G. P., & Mayrhofer, K. J. J. (2014). A comparative study on gold and platinum dissolution in acidic and alkaline media. Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 161(12), H822-H830. doi:10.1149/2.0881412jes.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0024-C6E4-E
Abstract
Electrochemical dissolution of gold and platinum in 0.1 M HClO4, 0.1 M H2SO4, and 0.05 M NaOH is investigated. The qualitative picture of both metals' dissolution is pH-independent. Oxidation/reduction of the metal's surface leads to the transient dissolution peaks which we label A(1) and C-1 on the dissolution profiles. Commencement of the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) results in the additional dissolution peak A(2). Quantitatively, there are important differences. The amount of gold transiently dissolved in alkaline medium is more than an order of magnitude higher in comparison to that in acidic medium. Oppositely, steady-state gold dissolution in base in the potential region of OER is hindered. The transient dissolution of platinum is by a factor of two higher in base. It is suggested that variation of the pH does not change the mechanism of the OER on platinum. Consequently, the dissolution rate of platinum is equal in acidic and alkaline electrolytes. As an explanation of the observed difference in gold dissolution, a difference in the thickness of compact oxide formed in acid and base is suggested. Growth of a thicker compact oxide in the alkaline medium explains the increased transient and the decreased steady-state dissolution of gold. (C) The Author(s) 2014. Published by ECS. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives 4.0 License (CC BY-NC-ND, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/), which permits non-commercial reuse, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is not changed in any way and is properly cited. For permission for commercial reuse, please email: oa@electrochem.org. All rights reserved.