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Effect of temperature on gold dissolution in acidic media

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Cherevko,  Serhiy
Electrocatalysis, Interface Chemistry and Surface Engineering, Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforschung GmbH, Max Planck Society;

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Žeradjanin,  Aleksandar R.
Electrocatalysis, Interface Chemistry and Surface Engineering, Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforschung GmbH, Max Planck Society;

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Topalov,  Angel Angelov
Electrocatalysis, Interface Chemistry and Surface Engineering, Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforschung GmbH, Max Planck Society;

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Keeley,  Gareth P.
Electrocatalysis, Interface Chemistry and Surface Engineering, Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforschung GmbH, Max Planck Society;

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Mayrhofer,  Karl Johann Jakob
Electrocatalysis, Interface Chemistry and Surface Engineering, Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforschung GmbH, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Cherevko, S., Žeradjanin, A. R., Topalov, A. A., Keeley, G. P., & Mayrhofer, K. J. J. (2014). Effect of temperature on gold dissolution in acidic media. Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 161(9), H501-H507. doi:10.1149/2.0551409jes.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0024-CB54-A
Abstract
Temperature has a tremendous effect on the rate and amount of gold dissolution. In potentiodynamic experiments the total amount of dissolved gold increases by a factor of 4.5 when the temperature is increased from 25 to 75 degrees C. Moreover, the previously reported correlation between the onset of oxide formation and the commencement of the dissolution process is found to be correct for all studied temperatures. Negative shift in the advent of oxidation is accompanied by a similar shift in the dissolution onset potential. Similarly, the dissolution rate rises significantly with temperature during potentiostatic and galvanostatic polarization steps. A correlation between the temperature-dependent oxygen evolution reaction (OER) and gold dissolution is found. Arrhenius plots for the OER and gold dissolution are used to obtain information on the apparent activation energy EA for both processes. It is found that for OER and Au dissolution E-A = 57 kJ mol(-1). The later finding suggests that there is a common intermediate for both reactions, the formation of which constitutes the rate-determining step. (C) The Author(s) 2014. Published by ECS. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives 4.0 License (CC BY-NC-ND, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/), which permits non-commercial reuse, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is not changed in any way and is properly cited. For permission for commercial reuse, please email: oa@electrochem.org. All rights reserved.