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Patterns of tree diversity and composition in Amazonian floodplain paleo-várzea forest

MPG-Autoren
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Schöngart,  Jochen
Biogeochemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Wittmann,  Florian
Biogeochemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Zitation

Assis, R. L., Haugaasen, T., Schöngart, J., Montero, J. C., Piedade, M. T. F., & Wittmann, F. (2015). Patterns of tree diversity and composition in Amazonian floodplain paleo-várzea forest. Journal of Vegetation Science, 26(2), 312-322. doi:10.1111/jvs.12229.


Zitierlink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0026-B6BE-2
Zusammenfassung
QuestionIn a recent re-classification of Amazonian floodplain types, a new category was established for paleo-varzea. Although the geological basis for this classification is sound, a key question is whether it can be supported by botanical criteria, where floodplain paleo-varzea forests contain distinct tree assemblages compared to other major floodplain types. LocationCentral Amazonian floodplains, Brazil. MethodsWe used 41 tree inventories from floodplain paleo-varzea, varzea and igapo forests to perform a meta-analysis. Diversity and richness estimators were applied at the level of genus and the examination of floristic composition was performed at family and generic levels. Generic composition across the three floodplain types was investigated using GNMDS and cluster analysis. Similarity coefficients and ANOSIM were applied to quantify floristic resemblance at the generic level between forest types. Indicator species analysis (ISA) was used to identify any indicator genera for the forest types evaluated. ResultsAlpha diversity and generic richness in paleo-varzea forest was similar to varzea. Igapo forest was clearly the least diverse. Family composition was similar across the three forest types; Fabaceae was the dominant family on all three floodplains. Pouteria, Licania and Eschweilera presented the highest importance values in paleo-varzea, but these genera were also important in varzea and igapo. Nevertheless, ANOSIM analyses show that generic composition differed significantly between the three forest types, and a GNMDS ordination and cluster analysis portrays paleo-varzea tree composition as intermediate between varzea and igapo. ISA revealed that Euterpe, Dipteryx and Goupia were the most important indicator genera of paleo-varzea. ConclusionsWe conclude that paleo-varzea floodplain tree assemblages are dissimilar to those of varzea and igapo, but contain components typical of both these floodplain types, explaining their intermediate positioning in our analyses. This floral mix probably allows paleo-varzea alpha diversity to be similar to that of varzea.