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Emerging mechanistic insights into AAA complexes regulating proteasomal degradation.

MPG-Autoren
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Förster,  Friedrich
Förster, Friedrich / Modeling of Protein Complexes, Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Schuller,  Jan M.
Förster, Friedrich / Modeling of Protein Complexes, Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Unverdorben,  Pia
Förster, Friedrich / Modeling of Protein Complexes, Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Aufderheide,  Antje
Baumeister, Wolfgang / Molecular Structural Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, Max Planck Society;

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biomolecules-04-00774.pdf
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Zitation

Förster, F., Schuller, J. M., Unverdorben, P., & Aufderheide, A. (2014). Emerging mechanistic insights into AAA complexes regulating proteasomal degradation. Biomolecules, 4(3), 774-794. doi:10.3390/biom4030774.


Zitierlink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0025-AF47-5
Zusammenfassung
The 26S proteasome is an integral element of the ubiquitin-proteasome system(UPS) and, as such, responsible for regulated degradation of proteins in eukaryotic cells.It consists of the core particle, which catalyzes the proteolysis of substrates into small peptides, and the regulatory particle, which ensures specificity for a broad range of substrates.The heart of the regulatory particle is an AAA-ATPase unfoldase, which is surrounded by non-ATPase subunits enabling substrate recognition and processing. Cryo-EM-based studies revealed the molecular architecture of the 26S proteasome and its conformational rearrangements, providing insights into substrate recognition, commitment, deubiquitylation and unfolding. The cytosol proteasomal degradation of polyubiquitylated substrates is tuned by various associating cofactors, including deubiquitylating enzymes, ubiquitin ligases,shuttling ubiquitin receptors and the AAA-ATPase Cdc48/p97. Cdc48/p97 and its cofactors function upstream of the 26S proteasome, and their modular organization exhibits some striking analogies to the regulatory particle. In archaea PAN, the closest regulatory particle homolog and Cdc48 even have overlapping functions, underscoring their intricate relationship.Here, we review recent insights into the structure and dynamics of the 26S proteasome and its associated machinery, as well as our current structural knowledge on the Cdc48/p97 and its cofactors that function in the ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS).