Help Privacy Policy Disclaimer
  Advanced SearchBrowse





Relatedness and synergies of kind and scale in the evolution of helping


Peña,  Jorge
Department Evolutionary Theory, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Biology, Max Planck Society;

External Resource
No external resources are shared
Fulltext (restricted access)
There are currently no full texts shared for your IP range.
Fulltext (public)

(Any fulltext), 452KB

Supplementary Material (public)
There is no public supplementary material available

Peña, J., Nöldeke, G., & Lehmann, L. (2014). Relatedness and synergies of kind and scale in the evolution of helping. arXiv.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0025-C304-0
Relatedness and synergy aect the selection pressure on cooperation and altruism. Although early
work investigated the eect of these factors independently of each other, recent eorts have been
aimed at exploring their interplay. Here, we contribute to this ongoing synthesis in two distinct but
complementary ways. First, we integrate models of n-player matrix games into the direct tness
approach of inclusive tness theory, hence providing a framework to consider synergistic social
interactions between relatives in family and spatially structured populations. Second, we illustrate
the usefulness of this framework by delineating three distinct types of helping traits (\whole-group",
\nonexpresser-only" and \expresser-only"), which are characterized by dierent synergies of kind
(arising from dierential tness eects on individuals expressing or not expressing helping) and can
be subjected to dierent synergies of scale (arising from economies or diseconomies of scale). We
nd that relatedness and synergies of kind and scale can interact to generate nontrivial evolutionary
dynamics, such as cases of bistable coexistence featuring both a stable equilibrium with a positive
level of helping and an unstable helping threshold. This broadens the qualitative eects of relatedness
(or spatial structure) on the evolution of helping.