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ELM energy and particle losses and their extrapolation to burning plasma experiments

MPS-Authors
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Horton,  L.
Experimental Plasma Physics 1 (E1), Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Eich,  T.
Experimental Plasma Physics 1 (E1), Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics, Max Planck Society;

/persons/resource/persons109371

Herrmann,  A.
Experimental Plasma Physics 1 (E1), Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics, Max Planck Society;

/persons/resource/persons109772

Laux,  M.
W7-X: Physics (PH), Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics, Max Planck Society;

/persons/resource/persons108854

Chankin,  A.
Tokamak Theory (TOK), Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics, Max Planck Society;

/persons/resource/persons110606

Sugihara,  M.
Experimental Plasma Physics 2 (E2), Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Loarte, A., Saibene, G., Sartori, R., Becoulet, M., Horton, L., Eich, T., et al. (2003). ELM energy and particle losses and their extrapolation to burning plasma experiments. Journal of Nuclear Materials, 313-316, 962-966. doi:10.1016/S0022-3115(02)01398-3.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0027-2341-9
Abstract
Analysis of Type I ELMs from present experiments shows that ELM energy losses decrease with increasing pedestal plasma collisionality (ν*ped) and/or increasing τFront, where (τFront=2πRq₉₅/cs,ped) is the typical ion transport time from the pedestal to the divertor target. ν*ped and τFront are not the only parameters that affect the ELMs, also the edge magnetic shear influences the plasma volume affected by the ELMs. ELM particle losses are influenced by this ELM affected volume and are weakly dependent on other pedestal plasma parameters. `Minimum' Type I ELMs, with energy losses acceptable for ITER, where there is no change in the plasma temperature profile during the ELM, are observed for some conditions in JET and DIII-D. The duration of the divertor ELM power pulse is well correlated with τFront and not with the duration of the ELM-associated MHD activity. Similarly, the time scale of ELM particle fluxes is also determined by τFront. The extrapolation of present experimental results to ITER is summarised.